Academic Petition

Threats Against Freedom of Expression and Academic Freedom
by Canadian Companies

Écosociété, a small publisher based in Quebec, and authors Alain Deneault, Delphine Abadie and William Sacher are facing two lawsuits over the publication of Noir Canada. Pillage, corruption et criminalité en Afrique, in the spring of 2008. The Canadian mining corporation Barrick Gold is suing them in Quebec for an amount of 6 M $ and Banro Corporation is suing them in Ontario for an amount of 5 M $. They alleged that the book is libellous and that the defendants have orchestrated an international campaign to harm their reputation.

Noir Canada is a book that surveys the claims that have been made concerning Canadian companies suggesting that they are partly responsible for crimes that have been committed in Africa for the sake of economic development. In particular, the book exposes the activities of Canadian mining and oil companies in Africa. As a result of rapidly rising raw material prices, these companies which are exploiting African land with the complicity of local authorities (but often to the detriment of local populations), have been recording colossal profits in the last few years. In 2003, 53% of the active mining companies in Africa were Canadian. Their levels of investment are forecast to reach 14 billion dollars by 2010.

In writing their book, the author and his collaborators used UN and government sources, the reports of respected NGOs (such as Human Rights Watch), and the writings of broadly recognized specialists in this area. Many reputable international media journals, such as Le Monde, Le Monde diplomatique, Le Devoir, À Bâbord and France Culture, have declared that Noir Canada was a necessary book. More than 60 publishers from 30 countries have declared their undivided support for the Quebec publisher and are calling on the protagonists of the Noir Canada affair to respect the rights of freedom of expression and publication.

Over 200 organisations have also showed their support, such as the Council of Canadians and the Canadian Labor Congress (CLC).

Noam Chomsky, Avi Lewis and Naomi Klein are among the public figures that support Écosociété and the authors in their battle for the freedom of expression and for academic freedom.

Strategic lawsuits against public participation

Strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPP) seriously threaten freedom of expression and weaken public debate. They most often take the form of a civil libel action, instigated against an individual or an organization taking a stand in the context of an issue of public interest. SLAPPs also include the threat of legal proceedings. In fact, their success results not so much from the prospect of legal victory in court but from the process itself, which aims to intimidate the defendant, by placing such a heavy financial burden on them that they are forced into silence. The plaintiff usually therefore attacks isolated individuals or small organisations, and will use the threat of damages which are completely excessive in relation to the harm that the plaintiff has allegedly suffered. If the threats do not have the desired effect, legal proceedings are instigated, with the result that a public issue is transformed into private litigation. All the financial and emotional resources of the defendants will therefore be monopolised in their defense, to the detriment of promoting the socio-economic, environmental or cultural cause they have been fighting for.

In Quebec, since the Barrick lawsuit has been launch in April of 2008, the authors and the publisher’s employees have already faced the burdens of the proceedings, through entire days of depositions and countless hours in the elaboration of their defense.

We are concerned about what is now taking place in Quebec and Ontario. This is a battle for the right to information and for freedom of expression. As university professors and concerned citizens, we are also worried with the fact that these lawsuits affect academic freedom. SLAPPs impose unacceptable limitations on freedom of expression, academic freedom and deliberative democracy. These lawsuits are brought in the absence of any meaningful public debate. They are filed by companies or institutions against individuals or activist groups, aimed at neutralizing or censuring public criticism of their activities.

One of the prejudicial effects of SLAPPs suits is to divert socially concerned intellectuals and academics from their main mission – publishing books of public interest and, in this specific case, provoking a debate on Canada’s responsibility in the pillaging of Africa- by mobilizing all of their financial and human resources to ensure their legal defense.

Throughout the summer of 2008, the Écosociété team and authors of Noir Canada have worked flat out to produce a defense document of many hundreds of pages that was submitted in Court on August 21st, as a part of their defense in the trial against Barrick. This document demonstrates the credibility of the abundant sources that underlie the book’s thesis, as well as the legitimacy and seriousness of the authors’ and editors’ approach.

As for Banro, they have recognized the right of the authors and Ecosociété to defend themselves in court, but may demand in advance the court fees that would be owed if they were to lose, which would most likely bring them to immediate bankruptcy. Pro bono lawyers from the uOttawa-Ecojustice Environmental Law Clinic went to an Ontario court defending the authors and their small Quebec publisher arguing that Banro’s lawsuit does not belong in Ontario Courts, since “Noir Canada was written in French, by francophones, and targeted at Quebecers,” said lawyer Linda McCaffrey, Director of the Environmental Law Clinic, a partnership between the University of Ottawa and Ecojustice (formerly Sierra Legal Defence Fund).

Unfortunately, in a motion which ostensibly favored the company and its “reputation’s right”, the Ontario courts decided in February 2009 that the lawsuit could be filed in Ontario despite the fact that the book is in French and that only 83 copies are circulating in Ontario. This means that they must cover the legal costs involved (approximately 25000$). They decided to put the matter to the Ontario court of appeal, but if they lose again, they will be bankrupt. For Ecosociété et al., this is a nightmare. They can’t afford the financial and human costs of two legal procedures in different languages and in provinces that have two different legal codes.

An Anti-Slapp Law in Ontario?

Last June, in Quebec, Bill 9 (An Act to amend the Code of Civil Procedure to prevent abusive use of the courts and promote freedom of expression and citizen participation in public debate), aimed at constraining such lawsuits, was adopted. Quebec is the only Canadian province that protects freedom of expression against SLAPPS.

Canadian intellectuals are seldom read or understood, nor are they particularly influential, but in this case, the government must listen to them, since the matter directly affects freedom of expression and academic freedom.

We call on the mining companies such as Barrick Gold and Banro to immediately abandon the proceedings taken out against the publisher Écosociété, its board of directors and the authors of the book Noir Canada. These powerful companies are also harming themselves with such practices. Barrick has a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and a Social Responsibility Charter; their communications emphasize its exemplary approach in this area. How should we therefore understand the unjustified, aggressive and disproportionate legal attack that they have instigated? Might we not think, in light of their actions, that the values they lay claim to are nothing more than crude strategic posturing?

Freedom of expression is under threat everywhere; this is not something specific to Canada. Academics and intellectuals need to be able to contribute their critical viewpoints without having to do so in a climate of fear. Their professions are fragile; and their social and civic actions, which result from their role as “agitators and distributors of ideas”, often go unrecognized. They are, however, very real. One thing is certain : censorship and its new forms always end up doing disservice to those who implement them, who use and abuse them. And this also applies to those who simply turn a blind eye.

So we also call on the Ontario government to adopt an Anti-Slapp law immediately.

Note : For more information about the Écosociété editions, see their web site :

This petition is only for academic professors.


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Signatures (503 total)
Frances Abele, Carleton University
Jesús Abellán, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, España
Sara Abraham, University of Toronto
Ezequiel Acsebrud, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mary Louise Adams, Queen’s University
Juan Agudo, Universidad de Sevilla
Haroon Akram-Lodhi, Trent University
Greg Albo, York University
Noaman Ali, York University
Jardel Alicia, Professeur
Kristi Allik, Queen’s University
Marian Sola Alvarez, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento - Argentina
Allyson Anderson, Vancouver Island University
Edward Andrew, University of Toronto
Mirta Antonelli, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Argentina
Paul Antze, York University
Rosario Ardon, Wilfrid Laurier University
Sophie-Jan Arrien, Université Laval
Phil Ashman, Okanagan College
Francisco Astorga, Universidad Michoacana de SAn Nicolas de Hidalgo, Mexico
Bill Atkinson, Trent University
Brenda Austin-Smith, University of Manitoba
Sylvat Aziz, Queen’s University
sylvat aziz, queen\'s
Georges Azzaria, Université Laval
Susan Babbitt, Queen’s University
Rémi Bachand, Université du Québec à Montréal
Tamir Bar-On, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico
Aaron Barcant, Concordia University
Darin Barney, McGill University
Nigel Barriffe, University of Toronto
Gilbert Bede, Okanagan College
Abderrahman Beggar, Wilfrid Laurier University
Abderrahman Beggar, Wilfrid Laurier University
Luc Bégin, Université Laval
Ronald Beiner, University of Toronto
Jean-Guy Belley, Université McGill
Tomás Enrique Benavidez, Córdoba
Karim Benyekhlef, Université de Montréal
Sébastien Bérard, UQAR
Luc Bergeron, Université de Montréal
Rima Berns-McGown, University of Toronto
Nancy Bertoldi, University of Toronto
Marie-Neige Besner, Collège Maisonneuve
Richard Bevis, University of British Columbia
Gilles Bibeau, Université de Montréal
Manfred Bienefeld, Carleton University
Renée Bilodeau, Université Laval
Sam Black, Simon Fraser University
Adelle Blackett, Université McGill
Louise Blais, Université d’Ottawa
Martin Blanchard, Université de Montréal
xxxxxxxx, Université de Sherbrooke
Gilbert Boss, Université Laval
Pierre Bosset, Université du Québec à Montréal
Lorena Bottaro, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento
Michael James Boulter, Okanagan College
Sophie Bourgault, University of Ottawa
Guy Bourgeault, Université de Montréal
Morgan Boyco, University of Guelph
Martin Breaugh, York University
Dr. Derek Briton, Athabasca University
Michèle Brochu, Université de Montréal
Bruce Broomhall, Université du Québec à Montréal
Stephen Brown, University of Ottawa
Marco Burelli, Université Concordia
Annette Burfoot, Queen’s University
Frank Burke, Queen’s University
Brian Burke, University of Arizona
Michael Byers, University of British Columbia
xxxxxxxx, Universidad de Sevilla
Kenneth Camargo, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Barbara Cameron, York University
Greg Cameron, Nova Scotia Agricultural College
Angela Campbell, McGill University
Dominique Caouette, Université de Montréal
Joseph H. Carens, University of Toronto
Carole H. Carpenter, York University
António Manuel Casaca, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa
Claire Chamberland, Université de Montréal
Nadine Changfoot, Trent University
Angele Charette, York University
Charles Quist-Adade, Kwantien Polytechnic University
Lily Cho, University of Western Ontario
Aziz Choudry, McGill University
Erling Christensen, Kwantlen Polytechnic University
R Christie, Okanagan College
Ryoa Chung, Université de Montréal
Arthur Churchyard, University of Guelph
Tania Claes, Université de Montréal
E. Ann Clark, University of Guelph
Timothy David Clark, York University
Elaine Clark-Rapley, Wilfrid Laurier University
Marcel Claude, Universidad de Chile
Miriam Clavir, University of Washington
Teresa Clemmer, Vermont Law School
Lynn Cohen, University of Ottawa
Patrick Coleman, University of California, Los Angeles
Samuel Collins, Towson University
Anne-Marie Colpron, Wilfrid Laurier University
xxxxxxxx, East Tennessee State University
John Conway, University of Regina
Ramsay Cook, York University
Hugues Cormier, Université de Montréal
Sophie René de Cotret, Université de Montréal
Jocelyne Couture, Université du Québec à Montréal
Jean-Pierre Couture, Université d'Ottawa
Deborah Cowen, University of Toronto
François Crépeau, Université McGill
Michael Cross, Dalhousie University
Dara Culhane, Simon Fraser University
Frank Cunningham, University of Toronto
Hugo Cyr, Université du Québec à Montréal
Veronica Dahl, Simon Fraser University
Dr. Edwin E. Daniel, University of Alberta
Amrita Daniere, University of Toronto
Martin Danyluk, University of Toronto
Natalie Zemon Davis, University of Toronto
Chandler Davis, University of Toronto
Jason Demers, University of Toronto
Michel Desjardins, Wilfrid Laurier University
Annette Desmarais, University of Regina
Daniel Desroches, Collège Lionel-Groulx
Julie Desrosiers, Université Laval
James Deutsch, University of Toronto
Mathieu Devinat, Université de Sherbrooke
Aaron Dhir, York University
Peter Dietsch, Université de Montréal
Gordon Doctorow, Nova Southeastern University
Dr. R. Doctorow, University of Toronto
Luciano Dominguez, Universidad Anahuac Mayab
Mélanie Doyon, Université du Québec à Montréal
Daniel Drache, York University
Louis Druehl, Simon Fraser University
Susan Drummond, York University
Karen Dubinsky, Queen's University
Sylvie Dubuc, Université de Montréal
Élise Dubuc, Université de Montréal
Geneviève Dufour, Université de Sherbrooke
Geneviève A. Dumas, Queen’s University
Louis Dumont, Université de Montréal
Daniel Dumouchel, Université de Montréal
Joelle Dumouchel, University of Toronto
Isabelle Duplessis, Université de Montréal
Michelle Duval, Université du Québec à Montréal
Curtis Eaton, University of Calgary
Emily Eaton, University of Regina
Peter Eglin, Wilfrid Laurier University
Frédéric Mégret, Université McGill
Firoza Elavia, York University
Elizabeth Elbourne, McGill University
Kimberly Ellis-Hale, Wilfrid Laurier University
David U. Enweremadu, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Dr. Joshua Evans, Athabasca University
Robert Feagan, Wilfrid Laurier University
Jennifer Fender, University of Toronto
Frédérique Offredi, Queen\'s University
Len Findlay, University of Saskatchewan
Barbara Fiorellino, University of Cassino, Italy
Denis Fisette, Université du Québec à Montréal
Peter Fitting, University of Toronto
David Florido, University of Seville
Matt Fodor, York University
Paul Forster, University of Ottawa
Prof. Paul Forster, University of Ottawa
François Fortier, Université d’Ottawa
Andrée Fortin, Université de Montréal
Pascale Fournier, Université d’Ottawa
Éric Francoeur, École de technologie supérieure
Gavin Fridell, Trent University
Winnie Frohn, Université du Québec à Montréal
John J. Furedy, Emeritus, University of Toronto
Viktoriya Galushko, University of Regina
xxxxxxxx, UNAM
Lise Garon, Laval University
Pierre Gauthier, Concordia University
Sonia Gauthier, Univesité de Montréal
Gary Geddes, University of British Columbia
Caroline Gendreau, Université de Montréal
Liette Gilbert, York University
Marcelo Giraud, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo - Mendoza - Argentina
Barbara Godard, York University
Juan C. Godenzzi, Université de Montréal
Anne Godlewska, Queen’s University
William Goede, Capilano University
Ian Gold, McGill University
André Gombay, Un. of Toronto
Carmen G. Gonzalez, Seattle University
Todd Gordon, York University, Toronto
Kevin Gould, Concordia University
Sean Graham, University of British Columbia
Fredrik Graver, The Norwegian Film School, Lillehammer University College, Norway
Kyle Grayson, Newcastle University, UK
Joyce Green, University of Regina
Frances Greenslade, Okanagan College
Juan Carlos Ruiz Guadalajara, El Colegio de San Luis, A.C.
Rasheeda Guinn, University of Toronto
Diego Gurvich, Catedra de Biogeografia, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba
Yelena Gyulkhandanyan, University of Toronto Scarborough
Sandy Brian Hager, York University
Paul A. Hamel, University of Toronto
Jim Handy, University of Saskatchewan
Elizabeth Hanson, Queen’s University
Elizabeth Hanson, Queen\'s University
Jason Harman, York University
Keith Harrison, Vancouver Island University
Trevor Harrison, University of Lethbridge
Trevor Harrison, University of Lethbridge
Gus Van Harten, York University
Michael Hathaway, Simon Fraser University
Bryan González Hernández, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica
Adam Hochschild, University of California, Berkeley
Christopher Holman, York University
Leah Horowitz, Rutgers University
France Houle, Université de Montréal
François Houtart, Université catholique de Louvain
Madelaine Hron, Wilfrid Laurier University
Adrienne Hurley, McGill University
Sandra Hyde, McGill
Shin Imai, York University
Lourdes de Ita, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HIdalgo
Andy Jackson, York University
Alvaro Jarrin, Union College
Pierre Jasmin, Université du Québec à Montréal
Lynda Jessup, Queen's University
Genevieve Fuji Johnson, Simon Fraser University
Mark Jones, Queen's University
Christian Jordan, Wilfrid Laurier University
Ilan Kapoor, York University
Ken Kawashima, University of Toronto
Magdalena Kazubowski-Houston, Wilfrid Laurier University
Lisa Keeping, Wilfrid Laurier University
Loren King, Wilfrid Laurier University
Paul Kingston, University of Toronto
Rebecca Kingston, University of Toronto
Stefan Kipfer, York University
Stuart Kirsch, University of Michigan, USA
Martin Klein, University of Toronto
Sheilagh Knight, Trent University
Paritosh Kumar, Queen's University
Awazi Mbambi Kungua, Université Saint Paul Ottawa & Cerclecad
Germain Lacasse, Université de Montréal
Hannes Lacher, York University
Marie Lacroix, Université de Montréal
Fannie Lafontaine, Université Laval
Andrée Lajoie, Université de Montréal
André Laliberté, Université d’Ottawa
Lucie Lamarche, Université d’Ottawa
Diane Lamoureux, Université Laval
Louis-Philippe Lampron, Université Laval
Yves Langelier, Université de Montréal
Solène Lardoux, Université de Montréal
Olivier LaRocque, McGill University
Alex Latta, Wilfrid Laurier University
Henry Laycock, Queen’s University
Georges Lebel, Université du Québec à Montréal
Jean Leclair, Université de Montréal
Joanne Lee, Wilfrid Laurier University
Catherine C. LeGrand, McGill University
Ute Lehrer, York University
Winnie Lem, Trent University
Charlotte Lemanski, University College, London
Lucie Lemonde, Université du Québec à Montréal
David Lethbridge, okanagan college
Charmain Levy, Université du Québec en Outaouais
Magda Lewis, Queen’s University
Joel Lexchin, York University
Dominique Leydet, Université du Québec à Montréal
Daniel Lichti, Wilfrid Laurier University
Janice Liedl, Laurentian University
Abby Lippman, McGill University
Sarah List, University of Toronto
Alex Livingston, University of Toronto
Roger Lohmann, Trent University
Carlos Londono, University of Regina
Catherine Lu, McGill University
Andrew Lugg, University of Ottawa
David Lyon, Queen's University
Willem Maas, York University
David MacGregor, University of Western Ontario
Kenneth MacKenzie, McGill University
Janine MacLeod, York University
Jocelyn Maclure, Université Laval
Allison MacMillan, Okanagan College
Jay Macpherson, Victoria College, University of Toronto
Otto Maduro, Drew University (Madison, NJ, U.S.A.)
Susana Moreno Maestro, Universidad de Sevilla
Andre Magnan, University of Regina
Rianne Mahon, Wilfrid Laurier University
Fernando De Maio, Simon Fraser University
Finn Makela, Université de Sherbrooke
David Mandel, Université du Québec à Montréal
Michael Mandel, York University
Vicente Manzano-Arrondo, University of Seville
Michael Maranda, York University
Mathieu Marion, Université du Québec à Montréal
Dan Furukawa Marques, York University
Jean-Claude Marsan, Université de Montréal
Ralph C. Martin, Nova Scotia Agricultural College
Emma Martin-Diaz, University of Seville
Dominique Masson, Université d'Ottawa
Katie Mazer, University of Toronto
Mark A. McCutcheon, Athabasca University
Heather McDiarmid, Wilfrid Laurier University
Sam McKegney, Queen’s University
David McLeish, York University
Craig McLuckie, Okanagan College
David McNally, York University
NAomi McPherson, UBC Okanagan
Bernard Ménard, Saint Paul University,Ottawa
Adèle Mercier, Queen’s University
Karen Messing, Université du Québec à Montréal
singleton michael, Catholic University o f Louvain
Henry Milner, Université de Montréal
Dieter Misgeld, University of Toronto
Michel MOLITOR, Université catholique de Louvain
Margaret Moore, Queen’s University
Joy Moore, Dawson College, Montreal Quebec
Jacques Moreau, Université de Montréal
Jacques Moreau, Université de Montréal
Isidoro Moreno, Universidad de Sevilla
Esteve Morera, York University
Adam Morton, University of Alberta
Vincent Mosco, Queen’s University
Jeremy Mouat, University of Alberta
Normand Mousseau, Université de Montréal
Jasmin Mujanovic, York University
Beverley Mullings, Queen's University
Brenda Murphy, Wilfrid Laurier University
Karen Murray, York University
Peter Murray, Okanagan College
David Mutimer, York University
Estela Fernández Nadal, CONICET, Artentina
Christian Nadeau, Université de Montréal
Vrinda Narain, McGill University
Bryan Nelson, York University
Peter Nicholls, University of Essex
Kai Nielsen, Concordia University
Jonathan Nitzan, York University
Pierre Noreau, Université de Montréal
Liisa L. North, York University
John Noyes, University of Toronto
James Nugent, University of Toronto
Nathan Nun, York University
Vicki L. Nygaard, University of Victoria
Ryan O'Neill, York University
LEON OLIVE, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM
Nilgun Onder, University of Regina
Dan O\'Meara, Université du Québec à Montréal
xxxxxxxx, Universidad de Sevilla
Bryan D. Palmer, Trent University
Leo Panitch, York University
Sylvie Paquerot, Université d’Ottawa
Anthony Pare, McGill University
Patrick Parenteau, vermont law school
Derek Paul, University of Toronto
Science for Peace, University of Toronto
Adam Pearce, York University
Ellie Perkins, York University
Ruth B. Phillips, Carleton University
Patrick Plante, Université Laval
Zygmunt Jan Broël Plater, Boston College
Sergei Plekhanov, York University
Justin Podur, York University
Marie-Laurence Poirel, Université de Montréal
Garry Potter, Wilfrid Laurier University
DR. Garry Potter, Wilfrid Laurier University
Scott Pound, Lakehead University
Elaine Power, Queen's University
Marie-Claude Prémont, École nationale d’administration publique
Jim Prentice, University of Victoria
René Provost, McGill University
Scott Prudham, University of Toronto
Linda Quirke, Wilfrid Laurier University
Liliana De Ita R, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, México
Yakov Rabkin, Université de Montréal
Erin Radomske, Okanagan College
Barbara Rahder,  York University
Barbara Rahder, York University
Saeed Rahnema, York University
Geneviève Rail, Université Concordia
Parbattie Ramsarran, York University
Norma Rantisi, Concordia University
Leda Raptis, Queen’s University
Denise Réaume, University of Toronto
Rosemary J. Redfield, University of British Columbia
Jacob Remes, Concordia University
Kim Renders, Queen's University
Philip Resnick, University of British Columbia
Tanya Richardson, Wilfrid Laurier University
Gilberto Lopez y Rivas, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México
David Robichaud, Université d’Ottawa
Andrew Robinson, Wilfrid Laurier University
Alejandra Roncallo, Bucknell University
Nathalie Des Rosiers, Association canadienne des libertés civiles
Peter Rosset, University of Michigan
Jennifer Roth, Lakehead University
Helene Roux, Université Paris 1, France
Genevieve Roy, université de Montréal
Don Ryan, University of Waterloo
Gaetano Sabatini, Università degli Studi Roma Tre
Parastou Saberi, York University
Marta Sahores, UNPat Esquel Argentina
Juan Carlos Sánchez, Escuela Superior de Comercio "Hipólito Vieytes"
Richard Sandbrook, University of Toronto
Rebecca Sanders, University of Toronto
Samir Saul, Université de Montréal
Arthur Schafer, University of Manitoba
Taryn Schmid, Okanagan College
Matthew Schnurr, Dalhousie University
Tyler Schuenemann, University of Toronto
Jill Scott, Queen’s University
Dayna Nadine Scott, York University
Bernie Selinger, First Nations University of Canada
Leo Semashko, Tetrasociology Public Institute, Russia
Yan Sénéchal, Université de Montréal
Yan Sénéchal, Université de Montréal
Jose Seoane, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Franchezca Serrano, Université du Québec à Montréal
Michel Seymour, Université de Montréal
Murray Shaw, Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Ben-Z. Shek, Université de Toronto
Colleen Sheppard, McGill University
Roger A. Shiner, University of British Columbia Okanagan
Tyler Shipley, York University
Nicola Short, York University
Nicola Short, York University
Eric Shragge, Concordia University
Brian Singer, York University
Gaétan Sirois, professeur à la retraite
Alicia Sliwinski, Wilfrid Laurier University
Harry Smaller, York University
Mark C.R. Smith, Queen’s University
Jamie M.A. Smith, York University
Laureen Snider, Queen’s University
Katherine Spring, Wilfrid Laurier University
Susan Spronk, University of Ottawa
Oona Marie St-Amant, University of Western Ontario
Maxime St-Hilaire, Université de Sherbrooke
Pierre-Paul St-Onge, Université du Québec à Montréal
Allan D. Stauffer, York University
Garth Stevenson, Brock University
Christine Straehle, Université du Québec à Montréal
Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert, McGill University
Maristella Svampa, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina
Marie-Eve Sylvestre, Université d’Ottawa
Bela Szabados, University of Regina
Michelle Szabo, York University
Christine Tappolet, Université de Montréal
Marcus Taylor, Queen's
Lisa Taylor, Bishop\'s University
Thomas Teo, York University
Nancy Thede, Université du Québec à Montréal
Sophie Thériault, Université d’Ottawa
Victor Thibaudeau, Université Laval
Evan Tiffany, Simon Fraser University
Tran Thi Thu Trang, University of Ottawa
Eric Tucker, York University
Fernand Turcotte, Université Laval
Nüket Turgut, Atılım University-Türkiye
Patrick Turmel, Université Laval
Daniel Turp, Université de Montréal
Paulina Ultreras, Université de Montréal
Cathy Vaillancourt, Institut national de la recherche scientifique
Richard Vallée, Université de Moncton
Louise Vandelac, UQÀM
Peter Vandergeest, York University
Marie Vanier, Université de Montréal
Wilma van der Veen, Okanagan College
Felicia Vengroff, University of Toronto
Édith Vézina, Université de Sherbrooke
François Villeneuve, York University
Paul Villeneuve, Université Laval
xxxxxxxx, IANIGLA-CCT-CONICET and UNICEN, Argentina
Karen Walker, York University
Dr. Alan Walks, University of Toronto
Michael Wallace, University of British Columbia
Richard Walsh-Bowers, Wilfrid Laurier University
Tim Walters, Okanagan College
Ximena S. Warnaars, University of Manchester, UK
Gary Warrick, Wilfrid Laurier University
Rod Watkins, Okanagan College
Jeffery R. Webber, Queen Mary University of London, UK
Daniel Weinstock, Université de Montréal
Judith A. Weiss, Mount Allison University
xxxxxxxx, York University
David A. Welch, University of Toronto
David Welch, Université d'Ottawa
laura Westra, university of Windsor
Sandra Whitworth, York University
Jocelyn S. Williams, Trent University
Melissa S. Williams, University of Toronto
Richard Winters, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Jurgen De Wispelaere, Université de Montréal
Hannah Wittman, Simon Fraser University
J. David Wood, York University
Lisa Wood, Wilfrid Laurier University
Stepan Wood, York University
Patricia Burke Wood, York University
Susan E. Wurtele, Trent University
Anna Zalik, York University
Alexandra Zimmermann, Wilfrid Laurier University

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